Experiences

Korean World Heritage Sites I've Traveled

  • Leon Lindain
  • 22 Oct
Korean World Heritage Sites I've Traveled

After completing my trip to Daegu, I did not arrange another trip to Korea. I happened to encounter a special offer for air tickets, so I went on a trip to Seoul, South Korea. Now that I come to Seoul, South Korea, I must visit the world heritage sites that I can go to. In the end, I came to the conclusion that Seoul's nightlife really won my heart. Of course, I mean the street performances at night markets around Hongdae, all of which are wonderful.

Of course, the Koreans are still enthusiastic. For example, I was looking for a vegetable restaurant in Jiangnan District. A boss who repaired leather shoes put down his work and took me to the bus station. He also reminded the driver to tell me where to get off. A college student in the car enthusiastically led me to the restaurant. I especially like this kind of human touch. Even if the language is unfamiliar, I still remember the passion for helping foreigners.

South Korea is an ideal holiday destination. It has a unique cultural and historical heritage, including mountains, lakes, hot springs, seashores, palaces, temples, pagodas, historic sites, and folklore.


1. Jongmyo (registered in 1995)

If you have seen any of the five palaces in Seoul, you might think that this building is not worth seeing. But its historical significance is higher than the actual building. It is an ancestral hall established under the rule of Confucianism to worship the kings and queens of the Joseon Dynasty. Important buildings in the Jongmyo include the main hall and Yongnyeongjeon.

The main hall is the largest single wooden building in the 14th century in the world. It is the ancestral temple ritual when the kings of Joseon worship their ancestors. It is an intangible cultural heritage of humanity registered with the ritual music of UNESCO. The main hall enshrines 49 deities of Taizu, kings, and queens with meritorious service in the past. In normal times, the main hall is not open to visitors. The main hall gate is opened only when the festival is held. Of course, you must take a guided tour to visit the Jongmyo Temple (except Saturdays).


2. Changdeokgung Palace (registered in 1997)

Changdeokgung Palace is the best preserved of the existing Joseon palaces. It is built on the hillside with Chinese Fengshui elements. Among them, Renzheng Hall and Houyuan are the focus of the visit. The former is the main hall of Changdeokgung Palace, where important ceremonies such as the enthronement of the king and the reception of foreign envoys are held. The back garden is the back garden of the former king. It occupies 60% of the entire palace and has a vast area. Houyuan was a place for royal family members to rest in ancient times. There are important historical sites such as Furong Pond, Love Lotus Pond, and Yanqing Hall in the garden.

Before I set off, I booked a 50-person daily tour of Houyuan on the website of Changdeokgung Palace. Swipe your card online, you can enter with the QR code offline. Of course, visitors need to buy tickets to enter Changdeokgung Palace first. The tour guide who led us to visit Houyuan that day was very responsible. He introduced us to the architecture and allusions of Houyuan. The only fly in the ointment was that it was very hot that day, even the locals could not stand such a hot temperature. However, fortunately, the Houyuan building has some shade.

Changdeokgung Palace is a world heritage that I have been thinking of for a long time. It is one of the members of the World Heritage. After I only visited this palace, the other palaces did not go. Therefore, the differences cannot be compared. But visiting this palace is enough, and I have to keep my energy to visit other monuments. Remember, you must participate in the Houyuan tour so that you can know more historical allusions.


3. Suwon Hwaseong Fortress (registered in 1997)

This castle was built when the 22nd generation of Joseon King Jeongjo moved his father's tomb to Suwon. Its city walls are strong, with military functions, and also show the beauty of architectural art at that time. In addition, Hwaseong Palace, which was once used as the scene of "Dae Jang Geum" costume drama, is also a famous attraction. In addition to being a performance venue, the square in front of the palace is also an excellent venue for adults and children.

I read many travel notes before leaving. Everyone mentioned that it takes 1.5 to 2 hours to walk the 6 km castle. I plan to be different from ordinary tourists, I want to use iron horses to go around the entire Hwaseong Fortress. This is easy and can walk on the edge of the past and the present. After I rented the iron horse, I walked around according to the diagram. Reluctantly, I lost my way and rushed back to Hwaseong Palace to watch the folklore performance that started at 2 o'clock in the afternoon.

In addition to the magnificent castle building craftsmanship, I prefer the performance in front of the palace square. At 11 o'clock in the morning is a martial arts performance. On Saturday at 2 pm, there is a traditional palace dance and acrobatics performance. If you want to watch a superb performance, you may be disappointed. But if you want to watch the interactive atmosphere between the performers and the people, the performances here are very harmonious and interesting.


4. Tomb of the Joseon King (registered in 2009)

The Joseon King's Mausoleum is a mausoleum building for the 27th kings, concubines, and concubines of the Joseon Lee Dynasty. There are 42 buildings scattered on the treasures of Feng Shui both inside and outside the capital. Among them, the royal funeral culture and Confucian spirit leftover from the Joseon period are also worthy of visitors.

Among the many royal tombs, Xuanling and Jingling are the most convenient for transportation. You can get there after exiting the subway station. Xuanling is the tomb of King Seongjong and Queen Jeonghyeon. Jingling is the tomb of Zhongzong, the son of King Chengzong and Queen Zhenxian. The seemingly small cemetery is quite wide when walking. The Red Arrow Gate, Dingzi Pavilion, stone carvings of literati, military officers, and beasts of the tomb are the highlights of the visit. But the cemetery can only be visited outside. Visitors are prohibited from entering the royal tombs. The royal tomb is a solemn and sacred place. But there are also many mothers taking their babies for walks in the cemetery, which makes the entire cemetery look like a park.


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